The fungus turns out to be able to grow on the ear. Yes, fungus that grows on the ears is not much known by many people.
Although the incidence rate is not too high, which is about 10% of all external ear infections, but if not treated properly, fungal infections in the ear can cause serious deterioration in health conditions, even life-threatening.
Fungal infections in the ear, or in the medical world known as otomycosis, are more common in countries with warm and humid climates, such as Indonesia. The incidence of fungal infections in the ear is increasing in the middle to lower socioeconomic group with a low level of hygiene.
In addition to socioeconomic groups and the level of hygiene, the age group between 20-30 years is also known to be epidemiologically more affected by this fungal infection in the ear.
What causes fungus to grow easily in the ear?
Generally, the growth of fungus in the ear is a concomitant infection due to a pre-existing infection, for example due to bacteria. This bacterial infection makes the atmosphere in the ear becomes dirty and if not treated immediately it will be very easy to grow fungi.
In addition to infections that are not treated, treatment using certain ear drops outside of doctor’s instructions and supervision can also increase the risk of fungal growth in the ear. In addition, the presence of open sores due to trauma or certain injuries, swimming, and a history of the growth of fungus in other areas of the body can also increase the risk of fungus to grow in the ear.
What symptoms occur due to fungal infections in the ear?
Fungal infections in the ear resemble infections that occur in the ear in general, such as:
- Itchy ears
- Ear pain
- Odorous discharge from the ear
If you or a family member experiences complaints like the one above, you should immediately consult a doctor so that further effective and optimal action can be taken.
Why do fungal infections in the ears need to be treated immediately?
One species of fungus that is able to grow in the ear, namely Aspergillus, if not treated immediately can lead to the spread of infection to the bones, organs around the ear, and ultimately damage the affected tissue.
If so, the treatment becomes more difficult and can be life threatening. The risk of fungal infections by Aspergillus is increased in groups of people with weak immune systems, for example patients with HIV / AIDS and people with diabetes.
How to prevent mold from growing on the ears?
As explained before, the fact that the risk of fungal growth in the ear increases with the use of ear drops that contain certain active ingredients. Therefore, avoid using ear drops without doctor’s instructions and supervision. In addition, also avoid the habit of prying ears which can cause injury and facilitate the growth of fungus in the ear.